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However, the greatest charm of Amman is discovered in the generosity of its inhabitants. For that matter, tourists to Amman & the rest of Jordan are frequently astounded by the authentic warmth with which they’re greeted. “Welcome in Jordan” is a phrase that visitors won’t forget soon.
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(Entry Fees & Tour Guide NOT included)
Amman’s history between the conclusion of its Biblical references & the era of the Ptolemies is not quite clear. It’s known that the city renamed Philadelphia following the Ptolemaic ruler Philadelphus in the 3rd century BCE. After being ruled by Seleucid and Nabatean, Philadelphia was acquired by the Roman King Herod in 30 BCE. The city happens to be a part of the Decapolis League, a wobbly union of 10 Roman-governed cities including Arbela (Irbid), Jerash, Gadara (present-day Umm Qais), Pella, and others. Under Roman rule, Philadelphia was re-planned & re-built in typical Roman style with a colonnaded street, an amphitheater, baths, and remarkable public buildings.
The modern history of Amman started in the late nineteenth century when the Ottomans resettled a settlement of Circassian expatriate there in 1878. A lot of their children still live in the city. Throughout that period & the early decades of the twentieth century, the bordering city of Salt was more critical as a political and regional administrative center. However, following the Great Arab Revolt secured the state of Transjordan; in 1921 Emir Abdullah bin al-Hussein made Amman his capital.
Since that, Amman has grown by leaps & bounds into a thriving modern city of more than a million folks. The growth of Amman has been flourished mainly by political activities in the area, and particularly by the Arab-Israeli clash. Following the battles of 1948 & 1967, consecutive waves of Palestinian expatriates concluded in Amman. Moreover, Amman’s population was further swelled by another wave of expatriates arriving from Iraq & Kuwait at the time of the 1990-91 Gulf Crisis.
Sightseeing In Amman:
Most noteworthy historical sites of Amman can be found in the downtown region, which rests at the foot of 4 of Amman’s seven hills. The old Citadel, which soars above the city from the top of Jabal al-Qala’a, is an excellent place to start the city tour. The Citadel is where you can find old Rabbath-Ammon and innumerable Roman, Byzantine and early Islamic relic. The most remarkable building of the Citadel known as al-Qasr dates back to the Islamic Umayyad era. Its precise function is not clear, but it encompasses a colossal gateway, an audience lobby, and 4 domed chambers. Also, a colonnaded street runs through the building. To the north & northeast, you can find the relics of Umayyad palace grounds.
Close to al-Qasr rest the ruins of a tiny Byzantine cathedral. Corinthian pillars mark the location of the cathedral, which is believed to date from the 6-7th century CE. Nearly hundred meters south of the cathedral is what’s thought to have been a shrine of Hercules, at present also recognized as the Great Temple of Amman.
Also, just northwest of the Temple of Hercules, you will get to see the Jordan Archaeological Museum which houses a great collection of ruins ranging from primeval times to the fifteenth century.
Downhill from the Citadel & 5-minute walk east from Downtown, you will see the Roman Theater which is the most remarkable remains of ancient Philadelphia. The theatre is quite identical in design to the amphitheater in Jerash, and can easily accommodate 6000 audiences. The theatre is still employed occasionally for cultural and sporting events.
Two small museums are built into the basements of the Roman Theatre. The Jordan Folklore Museum in the right side of the theatre demonstrates a collection of stuff displaying the day-to-day life of local folks. Whereas the Museum of Popular Traditions showcases conventional Jordanian outfits, including delicate embroidery & gorgeous antique ornaments. Also, it accommodates many 6th century mosaics from Jerash and Madaba.
To the northeast stands the small theatre which was constructed at about the same time as the Roman theatre. The theatre has 500 seats which are now being used for musical concerts. Heading southwest from the theatre, you will find Philadelphia’s main fountain or Nymphaeum, stands with its back to Quraysh Street.
From the Nymphaeum, a brief walk will take you to the King Hussein Mosques which is bustled with juice stands, vendors and pedestrians. The region bordering the King Hussein Mosque is the heart of modern downtown Amman. This Ottoman style mosque was reconstructed in 1924 on the location of an old mosque. Between the al-Husseini Mosque & the Citadel is Amman’s popular gold souq, which boasts row after row of glimmering gold treasures.
The highlights of this Amman Full Day Tour include:
• Pick up & Drop Off can be scheduled from Amman International airport with extra charges of 30$ - Except Petra Trip "Free Airport pickup-Drop off".
• English Speaking driver / Assistant guide.
• Home / Hotel Pick-up and drop-off
• Entry Fees, local sites tour guides, meals, and tips are not included.
• A modern vehicle with AC is used.